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Differences in Madzhab


QSALAAM ALIKUM

INSHA ALLAH I HOPE TO GET A COMPREHENSIVE ANSWER IN THE LIGHT OF QURAN, AHADEES AND PRACTICE OF THE COMPANIONS OF RASOOL ALLAH(SAW) IN RESPECT OF THE FOUR IMAAM'S OF ISLAM AND THEIR FOLLOWER'S.

IS THIS PERMISSIBLE AND CORRECT FOR THE FOLLOWER'S OF ONE IMAAM TO FOLLOW OTHER IMAAM IN SOME IBADAH AND THE OTHER IN SOME IBADAH ON THE BASES OF SAHI AHADEES.

FOR EXAMPLE:

1. IS THIS CORRECT AND PERMISSIBLE TO PRAY 3 WITR SOME TIME AS PER HANAFI MASLAK AND SOME OTHER TIME AS PER SHAFI/HAMBALI MASLAK...?
2. IS THIS CORRECT AND PERMISSIBLE TO DO SOME TIME RAFADAIN IN SALAAH AND NOT THE OTHER TIME.
3. IS THIS CORRECT AND PERMISSIBLE TO SAY AMEEN SOME TIME LOUDLY WITH JAMAT AND OTHER TIME SLOWLY

LIKE WAY'S IS THIS PERMISSIBLE AND CORRECT TO FOLLOW ONE AHADEES AT ONE TIME AND THE OTHER AT OTHER TIME, IF BOTH ARE CONTRADICTORY TO EACH OTHER.

I AM LOOKING FOR THE CLEAR AND DETAILED ANSWER'S IN THE LIGHT OF QURAN, AHADEES AND THE PRACTICE OF SAHABA (RAA).

ARE THEIR ANY EXAMPLE'S FROM SAHABA(RAA) ON THE CONTRADICTION OR DIFFERENT WAY'S IN IBADAH, AS I HERE MANY PEOPLE SAY'S THAT SAHABA(RAA) DO HAVE CONTRADICTION'S AND DISSIMILAR WAYS IN IBADAH. WHOEVER OF THEM SAW RASOOL ALLAH (SAW) IN WHAT WAY OF DOING IBADAH, THEY ADOPTED THE SAME.

PLS. DISCUSS THIS TOPIC WITH ALL SINCERITY AND WITH EXAMPLES FROM CORRECT SOURCE'S.

MAY ALLAH (SWT) FORGIVE YOUR ALL SINCE, FOR THE GOOD WORK YOU ARE DOING FOR UMMAH, AMEEN

ALLAH HAFIZ


AIn the matters of worship, there are some aspects that are fixed and determined by the Rasool ŝall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. For example, for matters pertaining to Ŝalaah, the number of Ŝalaah (five times daily), the number of Fardh rak‘aats of Ŝalaah (2, 4, 4, 3, 4), the mandatory body positions in the Ŝalaah – Takbeer (Proclaiming Allaah’s greatness), Qiyaam (standing position), recitation in Qiyaam, Rukoo’ (bowing position), Sajdah (prostration) and Qa‘dah (sitting position), etc. Every one must follow these things. Such obligatory matters make the worship unified, universal and consistent.

Then, there are other aspects in which he practised different ways at different times so that people know that there is flexibility in doing those things. People can do those things in different ways used by the Prophet ŝall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and still be right. The examples of such things are position of hand while standing, raising hands when changing positions, and other things that you have mentioned. This variety allows people flexibility and ease of practice. In addition, this variety gives some very important messages to the believers, such as:
  • Too many inflexible rules make the matter too difficult and cumbersome for people and they end up overwhelmed under the burden of rules like the Jews. The Prophet was sent to remove that burden of rules and make worship easy for people.
  • Attention to detailed rules makes the worship a matter of compliance of rules, rather than an act of devotion focused on objectives and spirit.
  • People should not fret about small things. Rather, they should pay attention only to major things. Usually when attention of people is diverted to small things, they lose sight of big things. Those who pay too much attention to individual trees, shrubs and grass, lose site of the forest.

For many such reasons, the Prophet ŝall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam kept the obligatory matters to the minimum and performed other acts in different ways at different times, that is why there are different practices. Slowly some people started preferring some ways and other people started preferring other ways. What should have happened is that people should have continued practising all the different ways of the Prophet, but they started teaching their children or students only one way they preferred. However, they all agree that all of those ways are based on the practices of the Prophet and all of them are correct.

Yes, it is true that the Companions of the Prophet also practised variety in those matters. However, we should be very careful and should not call them “contradictions”. They are not contradictions; they are actually kindness of Allaah and His messenger to us, so that we learn flexibility and so that we can perform those things in a range of ways, instead of trying to be exact. If you want to verify the truth of the statement that the Prophet and his companions performed these aspects of the Ŝalaah in different manners, you can go to the books of Ahaadeeth and you will find all of them reported there. It is neither advisable nor convenient for me to quote all those Ahaadeeth because they are too many and they can easily be found in the books of Ahaadeeth.

So, to answer your questions, there is nothing wrong with people doing their acts of worship at different times in any of those ways that are authentic and are found in the teachings of different imams. In fact, it is better to do that way. This gives a person to chance to practice all the different ways that the Prophet used at different times. It is also more rewarding because it maintains the flexibility that the Rasool ŝall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam wanted to teach his Ummah.

August 26, 2006

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