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Words

 

Alternate spellings

 

Definitions

‘Eesa

 

Eesa, Isa

 

Jesus, the messenger of Allaah sent to teach Islam to Israelites and other people of Palestine, but worshipped by Christians as Lord.

Aali ‘Imraan

 

Aale Imran

 

The symbolic name for the 3rd chapter of the Qur-aan

Adh-Dhuĥaa

 

Ad-Dhuhaa, Ad-Dhuha, Ad-Duha

 

The symbolic name for the 93rd chapter of the Qur-aan.

Aĥaadeeth

 

Ahaadeeth, Ahadith

 

Plural of Hadeeth. The reports of the words, deeds approval or disapprovals of the Prophet. Also called the traditions of the Prophet.

Al- Ma‘aarij

 

Al-Ma’arij, Al-Maarij

 

The symbolic name for the 70th chapter of the Qur-aan

Al-‘Aadiyaat

 

Al-‘Adiyaat, al-’Adiyat

 

The symbolic name for the 100th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-A‘laa

 

Al-A’la, Al-Ala

 

The symbolic name for the 87th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-A‘raaf

 

Al-A’raf

 

The symbolic name for the 7th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-An‘aam

 

Al-An‘aam

 

The symbolic name for the 6th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Anfaal

 

Al-Anfal

 

The symbolic name for the 8th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Baqarah

 

Al-Baqarah

 

The symbolic name for the 2nd chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Baraa’ah

 

Al-Bara’ah

 

An alternate symbolic name for the 9th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Bayyinah

 

Al-Bayyina

 

The symbolic name for the 98th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Burooj

 

Al-Buruj

 

The symbolic name for the 85th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Faatiĥah

 

Al-Faatihah, Al-Faatiha, Al-Fatiha, Al-Fatihah

 

The opening chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Fatĥ

 

Al-Fath

 

The symbolic name for the 48th chapter of the Qur-aan

Al-Feel

 

Al-Fil

 

The symbolic name for the 105th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Ghaashiyah

 

Al-Ghashiyah, Al-Ghashiya

 

The symbolic name for the 88th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Ĥaaqqah

 

Al-Haaqqah, Al-Haqqah, Al-Haaqah, Al-Haqah, Al-Haaqqa Al-Haaqah, Al-Haaqa

 

The symbolic name for the 69th chapter of the Qur-aan

Al-Ĥadeed

 

Al-Hadeed, Al-Hadid

 

The symbolic name for the 57th chapter of the Qur-aan

Al-Ĥajj

 

Al-Hajj

 

The symbolic name for the 22nd chapter of the Qur-aan

Al-Ĥujuraat

 

Al-Hujuraat, Al-Hujurat

 

The symbolic name for the 49th chapter of the Qur-aan

Al-Humazah

 

Al-Humaza

 

The symbolic name for the 104th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Ikhlaaŝ

 

Al-Ikhlaas, Al-Ikhlas

 

The title for the 112th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Infiŧaar

 

Al-Infitaar, Al-Infitar

 

The symbolic name for the 82th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Inshiqaaq

 

Al-Inshiqaq

 

The symbolic name for the 84th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Inshiraaĥ

 

Al-Inshiraah,  Al-Inshirah

 

The symbolic name for the 94th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Kaafiroon

 

Al-Kafiroon, Al-Kafirun

 

The symbolic name for the 109th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Kawthar

 

Al-Kowthar, Al-Kauthar, Al-Kausar

 

The symbolic name for the 108th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Allaah

 

Allah

 

The personal name of the One and Only True God Who created everything in the universe and Who was worshipped by all prophets such as Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad.He is also called Jehovah / Yahweh and God.

Al-Layl

 

Al-Lail

 

The symbolic name for the 92nd chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Maa‘oon

 

Al-Ma’oon, Al-Ma’un

 

The symbolic name for the 107th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Maaidah

 

Al-Maidah, Al-Maida, Al-Ma’idah, Al-Ma’ida

 

The symbolic name for the 5th chapter of the Qur-aan

Al-Muddaththir

 

Al-Mudaththir, Al-Muddathir, Al-Mudathir, Al-Muddassir, Al-Mudassir

 

The symbolic name for the 74th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Mursalaat

 

Al-Mursalat

 

The symbolic name for the 76th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Muŧaffifeen

 

Al-Mutaffifeen, Al-Mutafifeen, Al-Mutaffifin, Al-Mutafifin

 

The symbolic name for the 83rd chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Muzzammil

 

Al-Muzammil, Al-Muzzamil, Al-Muzamil

 

The symbolic name for the 72nd chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Qaari‘ah

 

Al-Qari’ah, Al-Qaria

 

The symbolic name for the 101st chapter of the Qur-aan.

Al-Qiyaamah

 

Al-Qiyamah, Al-Qiyaama, Al-Qiyama

 

The symbolic name for the 75th chapter of the Qur-aan.

An-Naazi‘aat

 

An-Nazi’aat, An-Nazi’at

 

The symbolic name for the 79th chapter of the Qur-aan.

An-Nabaa

 

An-Naba

 

The symbolic name for the 78th chapter of the Qur-aan.

An-Naŝr

 

An-Nasr, Al-Nasr

 

The symbolic name for the 110th chapter of the Qur-aan

An-Naŝr

 

An-Nasr

 

The symbolic name for the 110th chapter of the Qur-aan.

An-Nisaa

 

An-Nisa

 

The symbolic name for the 4th chapter of the Qur-aan

Aŝ-Ŝaaffaat

 

As-Saaffaat, As-Saaffat, As-Saffat

 

The symbolic name for the 37th chapter of the Qur-aan

Aŝ-Ŝaff

 

As-Saff

 

The symbolic name for the 61st chapter of the Qur-aan

At-Takaathur

 

At-Takathur,  At-Takasur

 

The symbolic name for the 102nd  chapter of the Qur-aan.

At-Takweer

 

At-Takwir

 

The symbolic name for the 81st  chapter of the Qur-aan.

At-Tawbah

 

At-Tawba, At-Towbah, At-Taubah, At-Tauba, Al-Tawba, Al-Towbah.

 

The symbolic name for the 9th chapter of the Qur-aan.

At-Teen

 

At-Tin

 

The symbolic name for the 95th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Aŧ-Ŧaariq

 

At-Taariq, At-Tariq

 

The symbolic name for the 86th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Az-Zilzaal

 

Az-Zilzal, Az-Zalzalah, Az-Zalzala

 

The symbolic name for the 99th chapter of the Qur-aan.

Dawood

 

Dawud, Daud, Daoud

 

Prophet David, a messenger of Islam, but portrayed only as a king in the Bible.

Deen

 

Din

 

Deen represents beliefs, philosophies, paradigms, principles and values that determine people’s way of life or that collectively become a lifestyle system.

When used as “The Deen”, it represents the Deen of Islam consisting of Islamic beliefs, paradigms, principles and values as well as the lifestyle system based on complete obedience to Allaah in all aspects of life and the objectives this lifestyle system has been mandated to attain.

Du‘aa

 

Duaa, Dua, Du’a

 

Du‘aa is Arabic word for supplicating to or beseeching Allaah for forgiveness, guidance or help. Allaah responds to everyone who seeks forgiveness or guidance directly from Him. He also grants requests for help from obedient people.

Dzul Qa‘dah

 

Dhu al-Qa'dah, Dhul Qa'dah, ZiQa'ad, Zul Qaeda, Zul Qada

 

The 11th month of the Islamic lunar calendar

Faasiq

 

Fasiq

 

A person who disobeys Allaah defiantly or transgresses frequently, whether in terms of views, beliefs or actions.

Fir‘awn

 

Fir’own, Firown, Fir’on

 

Pharaoh

Fusooq

 

Fisq

 

Transgression against or defiant/frequent disobedience to Allaah in beliefs, views or actions

Gheebah

 

Ghibah, Gheebat

 

Backbiting

Haajirah

 

Hajirah, Hajira, Hagar

 

A wife of Abraham, mother of Ishmael / Isma‘eel.

Ĥadeeth

 

Hadeeth, Hadith, Hadees, Hadis

 

A report of the words, deeds approval or disapprovals of the Prophet. Also called a tradition of the Prophet. It is distinct from the Qur-aan which is the literal Word of God.

Ĥajj

 

Hajj

 

Annual pilgrimage performed at Holy Ka‘bah at Makkah and its surrounding areas simulating the acts of devotion performed by Abraham, his wife Hagar (Hajirah) and his son Ishmael.

Ĥaraam

 

Haraam, Haram

 

Disallowed, illegal, forbidden

Haroon

 

Haroon, Harun

 

Aaron, the messenger sent along with Moses to Pharaoh

Hijrah

 

Hejira, Hegira, Hirah

 

Migration of Muslims to Madeenah

Ĥikmah

 

Hikmah, Hikmat

 

Wisdom, tact

Ĥudaibiyyah

 

Hudaibiyah, Hudaibiyyah

 

A place near Makkah where the famous peace treaty between the Prophet and the Makkans was signed.

Jahannam

 

Jahanam

 

Hell; an abode of blazing fire for painful, humiliating punishment for those who disobey their Lord.

Jannah

 

Jannat

 

Garden; the eternal garden of Paradise, the home of eternal peace and full of blessings and unimaginable comforts, luxuries and pleasures.

Kaafir

 

Kafir

 

One who disbelieves in any tenets of Islamic faith.

Looŧ

 

Lut

 

Prophet Lot

Madeenah

 

Madina, Madeena, Madinah

 

The city of the Prophet to which he migrated from Makkah. Its old name was Yathrib.

Messenger

 

 

 

A prophet who is given the task of re-establishing Islamic system of justice in the world. 

Moosa

 

Musa

 

Moses, the messenger of Allaah sent to teach Islam to Israelites, Pharaoh and Egyptians.

Mufassireen

 

 

 

Exegetes of the Qur-aan

Muĥammad

 

Muhammad, Muhammed, Mohammad, Mohammed, Mohamed, Mohamad

 

The last prophet and messenger of Allaah; his advent was foretold by other religious scriptures such as Torah, Gospel and other books of the Bible.

Nooĥ

 

Nooh, Nuh

 

Prophet Noah who established a pure Islamic state consisting only of Muslims, after the disbelievers were destroyed by the flood.

Nooĥ (Soorah)

 

Nooh, Nuh

 

The name and the topic for the 71st chapter of the Qur-aan.

Objectives of Deen

 

 

 

Objectives of Deen are those objectives which Allaah wants us to strive for by practising Islam. The individual objective that each Muslim must strive for is to excel as a person in his or her morals, ethics, conduct, dealings, habits and behaviour so that it is as close to the model of excellence of the Prophet as humanly possible (the personal excellence objective). This objective is strived for throughout one’s life through a process of continuous improvement called Tazkiyatun-Nafs. Collectively as a community, Muslims must strive for establishing the Islamic system of justice, peace and excellence so that the whole humanity can enjoy peace, love, care, equality and dignity (the societal excellence objective).

Prophet

 

 

 

A person appointed by Allaah to call people to Islamic faith and Islamic way of life. Prophets includes people like Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Aaron, Jesus and Muhammad.

Qur-aan

 

Quraan, Quran, Koran

 

The literal Word of God revealed in words to the Prophet Muhammad for the guidance of mankind until the day of Judgment. It the Last Book of Allaah that supersedes the Torah, the Bible and other books as sources of guidance.

Ŝalaah

 

Salaah, Salaat, Salah, Salat 

 

Five-time daily worship of Allaah prescribed for Muslims. Many people call it prayer, but it is a formal worship, not merely a prayer.

Shirk

 

Polytheism or idolatry

 

Pronounced like irk; Shirk is a polytheistic lifestyle whereby people believe that some living or dead entity or entities is/are equal to Allaah or is/are Allaah’s partners having a share in His person (Divinity), attributes, powers or status and whereby they worship those entities in one or more of the following ways: obeying someone in matters in which Allaah should be obeyed; equating any entity with Allaah or preferring over Him in terms of giving importance or committing time, energies or resources; or, doing ritual worship, performing devotion, giving obeisance, presenting offerings or singing hymns (Na‘ts or Qaseedahs) for any entities other than Allaah or in addition to Allaah. Worshipping or obeying others is Shirk in Allaah‘s rights, which people undertake because of their committing Shirk in terms of His person (Divinity), attributes, powers or status.

Soorah

 

Sura, Surah, Soora

 

A chapter-like collection of the verses of the Qur-aan designated as such by Allaah, that has a theme but not a topic and is identified usually by a symbolic name given to it by Muslims.

Taqdeer

 

Taqdir,

 

 

Predetermination -- the laws and plan of Allaah by which He governs the universe and human beings and the laws of nature by which their operations are automated.

Tawĥeed

 

Tauheed, Tawheed, Towheed, Tauhid, Tawhid

 

The reality that Allaah SWT is one and unique in all respects and that there is none like Him, equal to Him, born to Him, partner with Him in any respect whatsoever, as important as He, or worthy of worship, unconditional obedience or ultimate reverence; and that He is the God and the Ruler of every aspect or segment of human life -- whether secular, sacred, carnal, spiritual, public or private.

Yaĥya

 

Yahya

 

Arabic name for Prophet John (the Baptist)

Yoonus (Prophet)

 

Younus, Yunus

 

Prophet Jonah, the messenger of Allaah sent to people of Nineveh to bring them to Islam.

Yoonus (Soorah)

 

Younus, Yunus

 

The symbolic name for the 10th chapter of the Qur-aan. The chapter is not about Prophet Yoonus. The name only indicates that Yoonus has been mentioned in that chapter.

Yoosuf (Prophet)

 

Yousuf, Yusuf

 

Joseph son of Jacob who is a prophet of Islam like other prophets and messengers.

Yoosuf (Soorah)

 

Yousuf, Yusuf

 

The 12th chapter (Soorah) of the Qur-aan the topic of which is Prophet Yoosuf.

Zakaah

 

Zakaat, Zakah, Zakat

 

Compulsory charity that must be paid by the Muslims who meet a minimum asset threshold.

Zakariyyaa

 

Zakariya

 

Prophet Zachariah of the Bible

 

 

 

 

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