Introduction to The Third Group

The second group of Soorahs had shown the natural progression of the Islamic movement through four broad stages. It ended with Soorah At-Towbah detailing how the mission was successfully completed with the help and guidance from Allaah SWT. The emphasis in the third group is on the perseverance that is needed on the part of the believers in order to attain their mission objectives.

The core theme of this group is to inculcate in the audience a clear understanding of the Sunnah of Allaah about His messengers, their steadfast followers and their unrepentant opponents. This has been explained by repeated examples from the messengers of the past and their people. The purpose is to give a clear and stern warning to the opponents of the Prophet so that they can clearly see the destiny they are heading towards, and to encourage the believers to persevere through the very testing times because ultimate success is theirs, both in this world and the Hereafter.

Before continuing with further description of the Sunnah of Allaah with respect to His messengers and the people they were sent to, it is important to remind readers that the Prophet Muĥammad ŝall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was the last Prophet and the last Messenger of Allaah. As there is no new messenger to come, the aspects of Allaah’s Sunnah related to the presence of a messenger are naturally inapplicable to any struggle for the establishment of Deen currently, until the messenger ‘Eesa (Jesus) ‘alayhissalaam returns to live out his remaining life to his natural death. However, the good news of Allaah’s help, support, appreciation and reward for those who persevere in His way, mentioned in the following verses, applies to all those who persevere in sincere efforts for the establishment of Allaah’s Deen:

… and give the good news to the believers that they have high status with their Lord. Yoonus 10:2
Therefore, Persevere! Indeed the ultimate success is for those who have Taqwa. Hood 11:49
Indeed, those who maintain Taqwa and perseverance, Allaah does not let the efforts of such excellent people become futile. Yousuf 12:90
Those who persevere seeking the pleasure of their Lord, establish Ŝalaah, spend privately and publicly from what We have bestowed upon them, and repel evil with goodness, they are those who will have good consequences in the eternal home. Ra‘d 13:22
Allaah strengthens those who believe with the firm word in the worldly life and in the Hereafter. Ibraheem 14:27
For those who excel, there is goodness in this world and the Hereafter will be even better; and how excellent will be the home of those who have Taqwa. An-Naĥl 16:30
Indeed, Allaah is with those who have Taqwa and those who excel in goodness. An-Naĥl 16:128
… and give good news to the believers who do righteous deeds that that they will have a great reward. Al-Israa 17:9
After the reminder in Zaboor (Psalms), We have already written that the land will be inherited by my righteous slaves. Al-Ambiyaa 21:105
Allaah has promised those of you who sincerely believe and do good deeds that He will surely grant them succession (to authority) upon the earth just as He granted it to those before them and that He will surely establish for them their Deen that He has approved for them and that He will surely, after their fear, replace it with peace. An-Noor 24:55

The Sunnah of Allaah with respect to messengers is that:

  1. Allaah SWT sends a messenger as a watershed event. The messenger’s mandate is to restore balance and justice in the society to which he is sent, so that once that Islamic system becomes the governing system in that society, people have the full opportunity to excel if they choose to do so; to establish a pure Islamic community or kingdom of Allaah therein; and to clean up that society from all kinds of disbelief in and disobedience to Allaah SWT.
  2. The messengers are obligated to present the Islamic message to the people of their society, resulting in the good elements accepting their message and the wicked of the society becoming their enemies. The messenger organizes these good people in the form of a team and they together continue to work hard to expand their team until every citizen of the society who has any goodness in his/her heart voluntarily joins them. During this period, the messenger and his companions steadfastly endure the abuse and persecution which they are subjected to by the corrupt powers in control. When they have gained enough strength, they take the governance of the society into their own hands to restore justice and peace as mandated by Allaah SWT. To take care of the people who continue to disbelieve, the messenger and his followers are required to fight with the corrupt disbelievers until their land is cleansed of them.
  3. If the messenger and followers are still too small in number to form a government, and Allaah determines that no one else from their society is going to open his or her heart to convert, Allaah takes the Muslims out of that locality and destroys the rest through a natural disaster. If the messengers and his followers are numerous and strong enough to establish an Islamic society of their own, the opponents of the mission are cleaned up in the ensuing battles or through a natural disaster or a combination of both. The result always is that after a messenger has come, he and his followers are helped by Allaah SWT so that they always succeed and prevail. Those who refuse to believe, after all opportunities of preaching to them have been exhausted, are destroyed one way or the other. Thus, the society starts its new life under a purely Islamic system.
  4. If the believers who voluntarily listen to the messenger, obey him and continue striving harder and harder with perseverance, eventually they succeed with the help of Allaah SWT and gain authority to rule in the society and implement the complete Islamic system.

Thus, this third group of Soorahs underscores the points that:

  • Regardless of how powerful and well-established the opponents of the Prophet are, they are destined for utter failure and destruction, and nothing can save them except their sincere repentance and the acceptance of Islam and obedience to Allaah and His Messenger.
  • Although it may appear that the Prophet and the Muslims have no future, the reality is that they are destined for success and complete dominance in the society, as well as ultimate success in the Hereafter, for which they must persevere without relenting in their efforts.

All fourteen (14) Soorahs in this group emphasize the same theme in different styles. They give multiple examples from the destruction of the opponents of the previous messengers so that those who still choose to oppose the Prophet are adequately forewarned of the consequences that they are heading towards and those who choose to believe and persevere are continually re-assured of their impending success.


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